Proofs are minted especially for collectors. Each year the Royal Canadian Mint releases gold proof coins featuring everything from Canada’s wildlife, the seminal maple leaf, to important events in Canada’s history.

Collectable coins offer less precious metal for your dollar than bullion, but are minted in far newer quantities, offer unique, diverse artwork as well as emphasize premium presentation by including clamshell cases.

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Th171 Canada 1985 GOLD 100$ National Parks NGC PROOF-69 Ultra Cameo
Th171 Canada 1985 GOLD 100$ National Parks NGC PROOF-69 Ultra Cameo $212.50 (12 Bids)
End Date: Thursday Feb-22-2018 19:30:01 PST
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1982 Canada 1/2 oz Proof Gold $100 Constitution East Coast Coin
1982 Canada 1/2 oz Proof Gold $100 Constitution   East Coast Coin $715.00
End Date: Thursday Mar-22-2018 15:40:34 PDT
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2015 CANADA GOLD MAPLE $5 REVERSE PROOF E=MC2 PRIVY NGC PF70 PERFECT COIN!!!!
2015 CANADA GOLD MAPLE $5 REVERSE PROOF E=MC2 PRIVY NGC PF70 PERFECT COIN!!!! $215.00
End Date: Tuesday Mar-20-2018 16:50:29 PDT
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2003 Canada Year of the Ram Hologram Gold $150 Proof PF 69 Ultra Cameo NGC
2003 Canada Year of the Ram Hologram Gold $150 Proof PF 69 Ultra Cameo NGC $113.50 (3 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Feb-25-2018 19:30:01 PST
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A coin that is struck using a special, high-quality minting die so that its impressions and imprinting is in pristine condition is called a proof coin. Such types of coins are made especially for collectors. Many of the proof coins minted before the twentieth century were distinguished from the regular coins by their polished and high detailed surfaces; however, modern proof coins usually are made using mirror-like fields. The main reason why such proof coins are not seen in circulation is because they are especially made for collectors and are sold at rates which are higher than the face value of the coin.

Normally when printing a coin, two die are used; one die is used for the front design and the other is used for the back design of the coin. However, in the case of minting a proof coin, the dies first need to be polished and then treated using special chemicals so that the finished coin can have a more frosted appearance. Also, when minting such proof coins, the dies used strike the coins twice instead of the usual one time used for regular coins. This is mainly done so that the plain metal is forced into all the visible crevices of the dies giving the finished coin a much sharper image. This results in the coin getting a very fine detailed image. Such proof coins can be distinguished from regular circulated coins by their much sharper designs and rims, along with the much smoother fields.

Grading of proofs is very similar to grading Mint State coins. Here, the grades are preceded by PF and have the same numeric values starting from 60 to 70. An uncirculated proof would be graded as PF-60 while a PF-70 would be graded a perfect proof.